Monday, May 30, 2011

Jean Rhys : Briefly on Feminism in Short Story

It is harrowing to think that Jean Rhys has only recently come into my life; her writing is like a glass of cold water, necessary and satisfying. I have only read two works by her, Quartet, 1929, a novel and Sleep It Off, Lady, 1976 a collection of short stories that were previously written. Her stories are loosely revised collections of her biography, which in a sentence or two; she was born with another name in Dominica in 1890 to Welsh and Creole-Scottish parents, she went to England for school, was taunted since she was from the islands, went to acting school, failed at that and went on to be a chorus girl. Throughout she had a litany of affairs, some with famous men, and wrote some amazing novels and short stories before her death in 1979.


Reading Quartet was like triggering a memory from a smell. It is the type of writing that makes you want to squish the book with excitement. The content is also distinctly focused. It is about a women whose husband goes to jail for money matters and then she lives with a married couple and is pulled into an affair with the husband which ensues to a series of exercises in manipulation and ennui. In Sleep It Off, Lady, Rhys continues to focus on women, on the various types and situations they face. I will now reflect on two of the stories in Sleep It Off, Lady and how they are unique examples of feminist writing without the reductive rhetoric of that oeuvre.


Most of the stories in this collection take place in Dominica or a place like it. The revelation of the constructions of power, whiteness, blackness, colonialism and climate are panned in a wide, crisp sweep without being burdened with explanation. There is one story that takes place in such a setting called Goodbye Marcus, Goodbye Rose. It is about a young girl named Phoebe who is “twelve and a bit” who meets Captain Cardew, a much older man who is wintering in Jamaica with his wife. Captain Cardew is a pedophile. He insists on taking long walks with Phoebe and talks to her about his adventures in far off lands. The reader knows clearly his intention. The story is told from the perspective of Phoebe, which fortunately Rhys does not reduce because of her age. Rhys writes of Phoebe’s thoughts and feelings not as being naive but as a matter of fact and direct thought.


There is a point when the Captain grabs Phoebe’s “very small breast” and “Phoebe remains perfectly still. ‘He is making a great mistake, a great mistake,’” Finally he removes his hand and he proceeds the walk as if nothing happened and continues talking about other things. At this point Phoebe decides that she will not tell anyone what has happened, “It was not a thing you could possibly talk about. Also no one would believe exactly how it happened, and whether they believed her or not she would be blamed.” This is the point of the story that makes the gut twist because this is the familiar knowledge that women are trained to believe. The story goes on and the Captain continues to insist on walks and on these he indulges in another sick delight of talking nastily about sex in all its variations. Phoebe asks him to stop talking to her like that but he only concedes at intervals.


There is even a scene of recognition of this situation by the Captain’s wife, Edith, “ ‘Do you see how white my hair’s becoming? It’s all because of you.’ And when Phoebe answered truthfully that she didn’t notice any white hairs. ‘ What a really dreadful little liar you are!’” How strange it is that women insist on blaming other women, even when that other woman is a mere twelve year old. In the end the Captain’s infatuation catches public wind and the Captain and Edith leave the island but the rumors have been cast and Phoebe is now branded as being a wicked girl. Even within her own thoughts she blames herself for this, “That could only mean that he’s seen at once that she was not a good girl – who would object – but a wicked one – who would listen. He must know. He knew. It was so.” But even in this unfair plight it is strangely viewed as a release from the burdens of being a wife, a mother, a women as you were supposed to be. “Now she felt very wise very grown-up, she could forget these childish worries. She could hardly believe that only a few weeks ago, she like all the others, had secretly made lists of her trousseau, decided on the names of her three children, Jack. Marcus. And Rose.” This is the revelatory aspect of this story. Rhys shows the ugliness of men, but also makes it so that a woman can be freed from the obligation and expectation of self only after such a defining trauma. There is liberation in the position of the outcast. Phoebe was and will not be seen as a victim but in a twisted way this breeching of her purity is the only thing that can free her from the normalcy of a life, which in the tone that Rhys writes, seems to be a benefit.


The other story of focus is Kikimora. This is about a dinner party of three, Elsa - the wife, Baron Mumtael - the guest and Stephen- the husband. The Baron is a rude arrogant type and he focuses his genteel hostility onto Elsa who, out of decorum and manners, will walk the line but her seething dislike of him is transparent. Stephen is oblivious and neutral throughout. The Baron immediately puts her down as he enters her home calling the interior typical, and then proceeds to make his opinions quite known.


“charming. I’m so glad you’re not an American. I think American women are a menace, don’t you? The spoilt female is invariably a menace.”

“And what about the spoilt male?”

“Oh the spoilt male can be charming. No spoiling, no charm.”


They continue to talk and the degree of the Baron’s chauvinism increases as he remarks on a painting and he insists must have been painted by a woman as it was colorful. Elsa says it was not but he is reluctant to believe this. Finally Stephan joins them and the Baron only now engages conversation with him. At a certain point the cat, Kikimora, who is almost always well behaved, scratches the Baron. The Baron goes into dramatics insisting it must be cleaned immediately as she-cats are known to have dangerous scratches. Elsa corrects him, “He’s not a she-cat, he’s a he-cat.” This statement though does not sink in the Baron’s head as he keeps saying “ ‘One can’t be too careful with a she-cat,’ …And Elsa breathing deeply, would always answer, ‘He’s not a she-cat, he’s a he-cat.”’ Finally dinner is over, Elsa vents “What a horrible man!” Stephen is perplexed, of course. She cuddles Kikimora as a thankful ally and then she goes to her bedroom and removes the suite she was wearing during the dinner and proceeds to cut it up with scissors. Stephan hearing the noises called out: “ ‘What on earth are you doing?’ ‘I’m destroying my feminine charm,’ Elsa Said. ‘I thought I’d make a nice quick clean job of it.’” Ahh yes a tidy and symbolic action but women throughout the centuries have practiced this gesture in times of powerless distress. To cut the hair, to shred clothes, to destroy as an act of release and purging is an essential tool to deal with the psychological damage and neurosis that develops from being consistent with your station as a women. What is wonderful about this story is that it is clear the Baron offends Elsa but she does not remain wholly mute, turn to drink or self deprecate herself to make it easier for anyone. Of course she has to valiantly put up with it, this is necessary for all in social situations, but the act of doing this doesn’t lessen her obvious strength of character. The Baron is an ass with obvious women issues and even the cat knows this. The cat is a tool to express knowing, of righting the right, in the same premonitory way a baby’s wail can feel when handed to you. Elsa is a woman with obligations but she still remains a strong, you can be both as Rhys firmly evidences in this story.


This cursory summation of these stories is hopefully to act as a teaser. Everyone, male, female, and in between should read Rhys. Her ability to talk through the mouth and to see and think the way that a twelve year old, a gigolo, a mistress, a lonely women, a girl, or a gentleman is a gift. She is not disguising herself or her voice for suspended effect; her portrayals of the characters are revelations because she writes so damn well. The tone is like no other; the way thoughts linger and reveal psychology is unmatched. Also, the fact that she writes of women who are sometimes scattered, off, damaged, and floating is extraordinary because she can contain it and reveal this more powerfully because of her distinct writing prowess. There are no caricatures or spectacles of these types of females. These are females that we know or have been, these are collective inheritances and Rhys stories makes this okay somehow. Complexities are okay. It is not a burden or uncommon to be different or of not wanting to be regular. Rhys own adventurous and complex life is source material for her stories but there is, as with any enduring story, the universals. Hers focus is on being a woman; a person that persistently exists in this complicated and collaged life.




Monday, May 23, 2011

What artist would you want to eat with? What would you want to eat?

Apparently Socrates said, “Thou shouldst eat to live; not live to eat.” (469 BC-399 BC). Although with much due respect to him, I have to confess that I am one that lives to eat. I love eating. It the best thing ever not just for the smells, tastes and all the other fantastic things involved in preparing a meal but also what can happen when you share a meal. To share a meal is to be the most human we can be to another. When sharing a meal is a bore or unpleasant, enduring it can feel excruciating. But when it goes well, when it is smooth, delightful and fun, then a meal can be a memory maker and also alleviates the pressing sense of the ‘what does it all matter for, why do we exist’ conundrum, at least for a little bit.


There are many artists that use food in their work either representing itself, something else or as metaphor. Then there are others that use it conceptually. Relational Aesthetics and I are not pals but whatever; those guys are doing their thing. I do have to say that Mr. Gordon Matta Clark’s Food sounds like it was swell, maybe I’m just nostalgic, but I do find him more convincing then others. Anyways, I digress…Artists are people, people eat food, certain types of people really love food, certain people like art, and they too like food and if had a chance they would want to experience a meal with a certain someone. I wanted to know what people’s wish list in this department would be. Imagining the sharing of a certain meal, drink, morsel for a duration of time with a certain someone- who carries the weight of themselves- is a most vivid vignette. I emailed a group of peers, friends, and professional acquaintances the below to solicit these scenes. I must note that I am a bit perplexed at the ratio of men to women responses, the men being much more responsive. Funny, I don’t know what to make of that but I had to mention it, for the sake of social science and all. The way that the response was written remains intact, spacing and fonts altered a bit for html limitations. The only bits removed where the personal additions.


Oh yes, for me: I would like to eat with Michelangelo. Arugula, tomato, red onion and basil salad with balsamic vinaigrette and extra virgin olive oil, s&p with fresh hot bread with butter and really good olive oil that has rosemary and salt for dipping. Red wine.



On May 20, 2011, at 5:17 PM, "Jamie Sterns" wrote:


A casual Q & A. Reply if you want to by this Saturday night


Thanks,

Jamie


(dead or alive/real or imagined)


What artist would you want to eat with?

What would you want to eat?




Karen Archey

Marcel Broodthaers. Eggs and bivalves


Al Baio

The dream is to share an orange creamsicle ice cream sundae at Lula's Sweet Apothecary with

Magic Johnson, but I'll settle for banana pudding with Balthus.


Taylor Baldwin

Wellfleet Oysters with Robert Smithson on the breakwater they were caught from.


Justin Berry

Not to be flippant... but I bet Wayne Thiebaud would know where to find the best damn slice of cake this side of Paradise.


Leigh Conner

Diane Arbus. Sandwiches


Amir. H Fallah

Duchamp. readymade hungry man frozen dinner


Zachary German

i'm not someone who really wants to meet people that much..

i guess someone like Frederick Barthelme who through his work gives the impression of being fairly easy going / having similiar values as mine

i guess i would like to eat chinese food


Andrew Gori

Peanut butter and crackers and apple juice with Richard Tuttle.


Ron Hanson

Colin McCahon. Spanakopita


Scott Hug

David Wojnarowicz . apple pie ala mode, coffee, cigarettes


Adam Humphreys

1. laurel nakadate 2. diner food (burger)


Scott Indrisek

At the moment...Moules frites with Koen van den Broek! And a river of Belgian ale.


Lucy Ives

Courbet; beer and sandwiches


Joe Jagos

Eat with: Yayoi Kusama Eat: twinkies or anything in large numbers, solid in one color, and equally divided


Ambre Kelly

Aubrey Beardsley. Love to drink Pimm's Cup and eat bread pudding.


Ashiq Khondker

lawrence weiner..the menu


Abby Lloyd

My boyfriend (Chris Retsina) is a painter. I often think about cutting off his ass and eating it.


Vanessa Lopez

Tapas and wine w/ Picasso


J. Morrison

Felix Gonzalez-Torres. PIZZA


Kristie Muller

Joseph Beuys. I would have what he's having, with a Tom Collins


Adam Putnam

dim sum with martin wong AND grey's papaya with peter hujar


Jeff Quinn

Designer extraordinaire Tibor Kalman; spicy as hell Indian food


Hunter Reynolds

William Blake


Andrew Russeth

I would like to eat with Francis Picabia. The food comes straight out of George Baker's "The Artwork Caught by the Tail": With Mr. Picabia, I dream of "...country pleasures somehow outside of time, with forest walks and excessive feasting on delicacies such as wild morels, fresh cream, the first autumn game, and earthy local wines."
Also, I would like to eat sandwiches and pastries and drink champagne with Florine Stettheimer.


Thomas Shelley

Claes oldenberg. Roasted Root vegetable lasagna with sprouts as a garnish. Then we'd sketch it before we ate.


Ben Shumacher

wild boar with Paul Gauguin


Jen Sullivan

Kate Bush. Delicious salads like she talks about in this video:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s7UFXa4XYIQ


Sur Rodney Sur

Bjarne Melgaard. CAKE with fruit compot and heavy cream


Brad Troemel

Ribs with Vito Acconci


Tommy Turner

I would want to eat with Francois Rabelais.

I would like to eat eleven wild boars, thirteen partridges, forty pink flamingoes, and a cask of red wine.


Scott Valentine

Cai Guo-Qiang eating Jianbing while meandering around Tiannimen Square and contemplating getting a McFlurry from McDonald's and the concept of borders and barriers.


Voin de Voin

id like to dine with leonardo da vinci!:)


Ed Winkleman

t-bone steak with Picasso


Lyndsy Welgos

Roe Ethridge (BBQ)


Timothy Wehrle

Phillip Guston. Since it is now May and the weather is very pleasant for eating outside. I would grill us up some LAMB burgers and marinated asparagus. He will yell at me telling me I'm doing it all wrong. Then he would laugh and puff on his chesterfield.


Joseph Whitt

Jean Cocteau. Raw Oysters. ;)


Bryan Zanisnik

Werner Herzog, eating something incredibly messy and proletariat, like BBQ chicken wings.


Aaron Zimmerman

King Diamond. Burgers and Fries.





Big THANKS to all that responded.